If something gets damaged in a rental property or needs repairing, it’s important to know who’s responsible for fixing and paying for the problem.
Tenants must tell the landlord straight away if they are aware that something needs to be repaired or maintained, no matter how it happened or who caused the damage.
An important point to note, the tenant is not responsible for repairs or damage arising from burglaries, natural events (such as storms, floods, and earthquakes), or fair wear and tear.
Tenants need to tell the landlord if they know of any damage or need for repairs. If the tenant does not notify the landlord as soon as possible the landlord may be able to claim some of the costs of repairing the damage from the tenant if it gets worse.
If a landlord or their property manager damages a tenant’s goods, the tenant can ask them to repair those goods or to pay the cost of replacement or repair.
If a tenant (or their invited guests) intentionally damage the landlord’s property, the tenant must tell the landlord. The landlord can ask the tenant to repair the damage or to pay the cost of replacement or repair.
On 27 August 2019, new legislation took effect, which will affect tenants’ liability for damage.
If tenants or their guests carelessly damage a rental property, they are liable for the cost of the damage up to four weeks’ rent or the landlord’s insurance excess (if applicable), whichever is lower.
Tenants on income-related rents will be liable for careless damage up to four weeks’ market rent or the insurance excess (if applicable), whichever is lower.
Landlords can’t ask for or accept more than that limit.
Insurance companies can’t chase tenants on the landlord’s behalf for the cost of repairs for careless damage.
If the landlord and tenant can’t agree who should pay, either can apply to the Tenancy Tribunal.
If any damage occurs, it is for the landlord to prove that the damage is not fair wear and tear. Following this, the tenant must prove that the damage was careless (and not intentional). You should support your application by including copies of:
- relevant insurance policies
- photos of the damage
- receipts or quotes for repair
If the state of disrepair is likely to cause injury to people or property, a tenant can have repair work done and ask the landlord to pay them for it. A landlord must also pay the tenant back for any urgent repair work the tenant had to have done, as long as the tenant made reasonable attempts to let the landlord know first.
What About Fair Wear and Tear
Fair wear and tear refers to the gradual deterioration of things that are used regularly in a property when people live in it.
A tenant is not responsible for normal fair wear and tear to the property or any chattels provided by the landlord when they use them normally. The tenant is responsible for any intentional or careless damage.
An example of this would be where a stove element wears out from normal cooking. This is fair wear and tear. However, if the stove was being used to heat the kitchen and stopped working properly, this would not be considered normal use.
Examples of what is usually considered fair wear and tear are:
- flooring getting worn
- taps and washers in the kitchen, bathroom or laundry wearing out or leaking
Examples of what is not normally considered fair wear and tear are:
- burn marks or drink stains on the carpet
- drawing on wallpaper.
For more information please call our office to discuss with our team or visit Residential Tenancies Amendment Act 2019